• Alfa LavalAlfaPure

     · Removes water abrasive metal fines and other particles as small as 2 μm. Plug-and-play module for easy installation. No plant redesign required. Disc stack technology speeds up the separation process. Alfa Laval AlfaPure reduces tool wear so you benefit from more precise machining fewer rejects and a longer service life.


    material on western markets leads to consequences for the scrap recycling. The price of primary magnesium fell down to a value of US 1 500/mt so that there is just an economical recycling of clean sorted scrap possible. But in general magnesium is valuable.

  • A Review of Technology of Metal Recovery from Electronic

     · Electronic waste or e-waste is an emerging problem with developed nations as with developing nations. In the absence of proper collection and disposal systems awareness and proper regulations the problem is rather more acute in developing nations. These wastes are environmentally hazardous on one hand and valuable on the other. They contain substantial amount of metal value

  • Essays on Recycling. Essay topics and examples of research

    Together with metals’ excellent recyclability this creates a lot of demand and value for metal scrap. Metal recycling process not only reduces demand for ores but also uses less energy than metal extractionwith reductions of as much of 56 for steel and over 90 for

  • Energy Use in Metal ProductionPublications

    no. 2 scrap 20.1 60.9 low-grade scrap 49.3 149 Steel billets 9.7 23 42.7 Steel 2040 Leadsoft batteries 9.4 20 47.0 Pb 35 Leadhard batteries 11.2 56.0 Nickel alloy scrap 12.9 114 11.3 Ni 10 Zinc new scrap 3.8 48 7.9 Zn 2540

  • A new technology for treatment of PVC wasteScienceDirect

     · The new technology transforms PVC waste into completely new chemical products/raw materials. The process is based on a combined thermal and chemical degradation of PVC in a reactor. In the reactor the chlorine from the PVC reacts with fillers producing calcium chloride. The metal stabilisers (lead cadmium zinc and/or barium) are converted to

  • Network analysis of international trade in plastic scrap

     · Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC) was the most expensive plastic scrap according to 2018 data with prices averaging USD 0.56 per kg. As a comparison new PVC polymer averaged USD 1.3/kg in the primary market (Plasticsinsight 2019 Prnewswire 2014 Plasticsnews 2019).

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    magnetic separator. WA 4i MultiQube. Width 440 mm. WATER SEPARATOR WA 4I MULTIQUBE Water separator WA 4i for combination with MultiQube insulation layer dryers The new WA 4i is provided with an integrated micro filter system with low-maintenance magnetic

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    Scrap Separator 2019 Lower Consumption Scrap Copper Aluminum Separator Machine Copper Aluminum Radiator Separator Machine Radiator Stripper Tool US 1999- 4999 / Set 1 Set (Min. Order)

  • Evaluation of a recycling process for printed circuit

     · At first the magnetic separation is carried out at lower magnetic field strength of 0.1 T and then at 0.8 T of 10 cm/s belt speed of rare earth roll. The metal distribution in magnetics at 0.8 T is added on the metal distribution of product at 0.1 T.

  • OSTI.GOV Technical Report Treatment and recycling of

     · The single largest source of this scrap is the obsolete automobile. The shredder industry recovers about 10--12 million ton/yr of ferrous scrap most of which is from shredded automobiles. However for each ton of steel recovered over 500 lb of fluff are produced.

  • A new technology for treatment of PVC wasteScienceDirect

     · The estimated annual PVC world production is at present more than 22 million tonnes. In addition to the PVC homopolymer PVC products consist of metal stabilisers plasticisers and fillers. Most of the PVC production waste is recycled mechanically. In Denmark around 10–15 of the collected post-consumed PVC waste can be recycled mechanically.

  • Recycling of PVCProspects and Challenges EcoMENA

     · PVC also known as Polyvinyl Chloride or Vinyl is one of the most widely used plastics worldwide due to its chemical stability and durability. PVC products have an average lifetime of 30 years with some reaching 50 or more years. This means that more PVC products are reaching the end-of-life and entering the waste stream and the amount is likely

  • Plastics recycling challenges and opportunities

     · The price of oil has increased significantly in the last few years from a range of around USD 25 per barrel to a price band between USD 50–150 since 2005. Hence although higher oil prices also increase the cost of collection and reprocessing to some extent recycling has become relatively more financially attractive.

  • What Is Metal Waste How Does The Recycling Of Metals

    The consumption of metals and the resulting metal waste is a huge environmental problem. Metal waste imposes several adverse effects on our planet. Therefore it is crucial to develop processes in order to mitigate the problem. One effective measure against the problem of metal waste is metal recycling.

  • Recycling of PVCProspects and Challenges EcoMENA

     · A major problem in the recycling of PVC is the high chlorine content in raw PVC (around 56 percent of the polymer s weight) and the high levels of hazardous additives added to the polymer to achieve the desired material quality. As a result PVC requires separation from other plastics before mechanical recycling.

  • Energy Use in Metal ProductionPublications

    Metal of total global metal production Global annual production (Mt) Embodied Energy (GJ per tonne) Tonnes CO 2 per tonne metal Global annual energy consumption (GJ) Global annual CO 2 (tonnes) Global greenhouse gas production Copper 8pyro 80 15.6 6.13 x 1033.0 3.25 6.0 x

  • (PDF) Dioxins and polyvinylchloride in combustion and fires

    steel industry and when melting metal scrap as well as in CPh . PVC is a potential source of HCl of fuel a lower combustion temperature corresponds to higher CO .

  • Efficiency stagnation in global steel production urges

     · Use of scrap steel for steel production entails much lower energy consumption and GHG emissions compared to ore-based primary steel production 9 58. This

  • Recent Advances in the Chemical Recycling of Polymers

     · of Polymers (PP PS LDPE HDPE PVC PC Nylon PMMA) 5 which could be useful as feedstock for a variety of downstream industrial proce sses or as transportation fuel. In this sense among the techniques proposed for recycling of waste polymers the most challenging method is chemical or feedstock recycling and various

  • Network analysis of international trade in plastic scrap

     · Trade of styrene scrap has been a relatively modest part of the GPSN18 representing about 5 of both weight and value of total plastic scrap trade. While new styrene polymer ranges in price between USD 1.321.37/kg scrap styrene was traded at an average of USD 0.46/kg in 2018 second in price only to PVC scrap (ICIS 2019 Chermobis 2018).


    Unclean and contaminated metal scrap e.g. post consumer scrap may contain Silicon (Al-alloys shot blasting) Cu contaminated alloys Iron inserts Ni-coating Non-magnesium sweepings Oil/moisture and coating/painting melt losses oxide-content Fe- Si- Cu- and Ni-content Magnetic separation

  • Recycling Encyclopedia

     · At the same time disposal of wastes whether by the relatively expensive method of incineration or the lower-cost use of burial in landfills is less expensive than waste separation with a portion recycled and a larger portion disposed of — even when scrap revenues were factored in. For these reasons MSW recycling has been essentially funded

  • REE Recovery from End-of-Life NdFeB Permanent Magnet Scrap

     · This leads to the separation of REEs from the rest of the magnet and magnet scrap. Liquid metal extraction The Ames Laboratory (USA) has developed a liquid metal-extraction process to selectively recover REEs from NdFeB and other REE-bearing alloys using Mg as extractant and later the process was studied further by other researchers 16 122

  • Evaluation of a recycling process for printed circuit

     · At first the magnetic separation is carried out at lower magnetic field strength of 0.1 T and then at 0.8 T of 10 cm/s belt speed of rare earth roll. The metal distribution in magnetics at 0.8 T is added on the metal distribution of product at 0.1 T.

  • DeHart Recycling EquipmentRecycling Equipment

    Scrap Equipment. We carry a full line of recycling and scrap processing equipment for handling ferrous and non-ferrous metal paper cans glass solid waste and other materials. We provide shears choppers crushers compactors pulverizers dumpers and other equipment to serve your material handling needs.

  • (PDF) Preparation and Melting of Scrap in Aluminum

     · metal recovery i.e. the ratio between the aluminum present in the scrap and the secondary aluminum obtained. The energy consumption and the harmful gas emission are considered too 76 .

  • Eddy Current Separationan overview ScienceDirect Topics

    In an interesting study by Zelmat et al. (2017) indicating the possibility of isolation of plastics from ternary mixture of PVC PVC with lower carbon content and recycled ABS (isolated from WEEE) with average size of 20 μm. They have also pointed out that obtained isolated plastics have higher purity level (>95 ) however purity and efficiency of the isolation depends upon the instrument characteristics

  • Magnetic Equipment GuideIndustry news scrap metal

     · Die cast metal or white metal is another ideal candidate for eddy current separation. Its light weight and high conductivity allow the formation of high current and large force. There are other nonferrous metals such as zinc titanium magnesium bronze and brass which may be separable.

  • Plastics recycling challenges and opportunities

     · Use of different media can allow separation of PS from PET but PVC cannot be removed from PET in this manner as their density ranges overlap. Other separation techniques such as air elutriation can also be used for removing low-density films from denser ground plastics (Chandra Roy 2007) e.g. in removing labels from PET flakes.

  • Eddy Current Separationan overview ScienceDirect Topics

    Eddy current separation technique is used for separating metals from nonmetal component for example aluminum from glass which cannot be done by gravity methods as the difference in the densities of aluminum and glass is very small. Other applications will be described in Chapter 7 on Metal Recycling. A schematic representation of eddy current separation is shown in Figure 3.23.

  • Industrial Separator / Disc Stack Centrifuges made in Germany

    With their enormous centrifugal acceleration of up to over 12 000 g Flottweg separators are real purification and clarification all-roundershighest quality made in Germany. Where decanter centrifuges reach their performance limits the use of separators begins. Thanks to their high speeds they are able to optimally process liquids.